The Carrington Albums Visit Newcastle

Item 14 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the Residents of Maitland (Courtesy of NSW State Records)

Item 14 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the Residents of Maitland (Courtesy of NSW State Records)

FREE EVENT

VIEWING OF THE CARRINGTON ALBUMS
& PRESENTATION BY DR ANNE LLEWELLYN ON NATURAL HISTORY ILLUSTRATION

WHEN: WEDNESDAY 3RD JUNE 2015
WHERE: CULTURAL COLLECTIONS, LEVEL 2 AUCHMUTY LIBRARY UNIVERSITY OF NEWCASTLE
TIME: 10AM – 12PM
RSVP: archives@newcastle.edu.au or 49215354

View images of the event
View Gregg Heathcote’s photographs:
https://www.flickr.com/photos/uon/sets/72157654562885563

View: Michelle Watson’s Photographs here:
https://picasaweb.google.com/116731994060858524050/CarringtonAlbums3June2015

We are delighted to announce that three of the Carrington Albums containing examples of exquisitely beautiful illuminated addresses produced across Newcastle, Maitland and the wider Hunter Region in the 1880s will be visiting the Newcastle regional repositories of NSW State Records at the University of Newcastle’s Auchmuty Library on the 3rd June 2015 and Newcastle Regional Public Library on the 4th June 2015.

The Carrington Albums were a series of 22 bound volumes of illuminated addresses, containing finely detailed illuminated borders, hand painted illustrations and well-wishing messages from residents, towns and associations across the State in honour of Lord Carrington, who served as Governor from 1885 to 1890.

The beauty of the addresses wonderfully illustrate the respect and love that the people of New South Wales had for Lord Carrington and his wife. The feeling was mutual, and manifested locally. For instance, such was Lady Carrington’s depth of feeling for families, that Lord Carrington made an unsheduled visit to Merewether in Newcastle to help boost the fund raising efforts for the women and children of the men killed in the Hamilton Pit disaster on 22 June 1889.

Funeral of Glebe Pit men, St Augustine's, Merewether, [3 July 1889] (Courtesy of University of Newcastle, Cultural Collections) https://www.flickr.com/photos/uon/3342977526

Funeral of Glebe Pit men, St Augustine’s, Merewether, [3 July 1889]
(Courtesy of University of Newcastle, Cultural Collections) https://www.flickr.com/photos/uon/3342977526

The Carrington Volumes accompanied Lord Carrington back to England in 1890, where they remained in Buckinghamshire until they were donated a three years ago to NSW State Records by Lord Carrington’s descendents and the Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies. State Records NSW have been touring these treasures to regional centres and taking those albums containing relevant illuminated addresses back to their place of origin.

It’s now our Hunter Region’s turn, and we have been asked to host a morning event, to allow the wider University and Hunter Regional communities to view these items for the first time in over 125 years. Director of State Records NSW, Geoff Hinchcliffe as well as representatives from State Records NSW will be in attendence.

Three of the volumes will be on display at the University of Newcastle, and a free event will be held in the Friends Reading Room in Cultural Collections, Level 2 Auchmuty Library. Guest speaker will be Dr Anne Llewellyn, Head of School of Design, Communication and IT, who will be speaking on the significance of the volumes with regards to natural history illustration. The University’s Natural Illustration Course is the only course of its kind in an Australian University, and one of a handful worldwide, that brings the talents of artists and scientists together.

All welcome. Please RSVP to archives@newcastle.edu.au or 49215354

Background: http://gallery.records.nsw.gov.au/index.php/galleries/carrington-albums-illuminated-addresses/

Links to sample images from Volume 2:

Cover - Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No.2, containing Colonial views, flowers, birds and insects (Courtesy of NSW State Records)

Cover – Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No.2, containing Colonial views, flowers, birds and insects (Courtesy of NSW State Records)

00 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No.2, containing Colonial views, flowers, birds and insects [Cover]
http://investigator.records.nsw.gov.au/Entity.aspx?Path=\Image\21027&format=print

Spine - Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No.2, containing Colonial views, flowers, birds and insects (Courtesy of NSW State Records)

Spine – Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No.2, containing Colonial views, flowers, birds and insects (Courtesy of NSW State Records)

00 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No.2, [spine]
http://investigator.records.nsw.gov.au/Entity.aspx?Path=\Image\21028&format=print

Item 09 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the Inhabitants of Newcastle and Towns of Surrounding District (Courtesy of NSW State Records)

Item 09 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the Inhabitants of Newcastle and Towns of Surrounding District (Courtesy of NSW State Records)

09 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the Inhabitants of Newcastle and Towns of Surrounding District
http://investigator.records.nsw.gov.au/Entity.aspx?Path=\Image\21040&format=print

Item 10 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the Inhabitants of Newcastle and Towns of Surrounding District (Courtesy NSW State Records)

Item 10 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the Inhabitants of Newcastle and Towns of Surrounding District (Courtesy NSW State Records)

10 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the Inhabitants of Newcastle and Towns of Surrounding District
http://investigator.records.nsw.gov.au/Entity.aspx?Path=\Image\21041&format=print

Item 11 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the People of East Maitland, West Maitland, Morpeth and District (Courtesy of NSw State Records)

Item 11 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the People of East Maitland, West Maitland, Morpeth and District (Courtesy of NSw State Records)

11 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the People of East Maitland, West Maitland, Morpeth and District
http://investigator.records.nsw.gov.au/Entity.aspx?Path=\Image\21042&format=print

12 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the People of East Maitland, West Maitland, Morpeth and District (Courtesy of NSW State Records)

12 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the People of East Maitland, West Maitland, Morpeth and District (Courtesy of NSW State Records)

12 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the People of East Maitland, West Maitland, Morpeth and District
http://investigator.records.nsw.gov.au/Entity.aspx?Path=\Image\21043&format=print

13 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the People of East Maitland, West Maitland, Morpeth and District (Courtesy of NSw State Records)

13 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the People of East Maitland, West Maitland, Morpeth and District (Courtesy of NSw State Records)

13 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the People of East Maitland, West Maitland, Morpeth and District
http://investigator.records.nsw.gov.au/Entity.aspx?Path=\Image\21044&format=print

14 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the Residents of Maitland (Courtesy of NSW State Records)

14 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the Residents of Maitland (Courtesy of NSW State Records)

14 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the Residents of Maitland
http://investigator.records.nsw.gov.au/Entity.aspx?Path=\Image\21045&format=print

15 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the Residents of Maitland (Courtesy of NSW State Records)

15 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the Residents of Maitland (Courtesy of NSW State Records)

15 Addresses Presented to Lord Carrington Governor of New South Wales 1886 No. 2, Address From the Residents of Maitland
http://investigator.records.nsw.gov.au/Entity.aspx?Path=\Image\21046&format=print

University of Newcastle Libraries awarded federal Community Heritage Grant

UoN Conservator Amir Mogadam receiving Certificate from National Library representative.

Anne McLean National Archives of Australia presenting certificate to UoN Conservator Amir Rezapourmogadammiyandabi

Cultural Collections in the Auchmuty Library, University of Newcastle (Australia) has been awarded a $4,000 federal Community Heritage Grant to fund a Significance Assessment of the Margaret Senior illustration collection.

The grant was announced at the National Library of Australia, Canberra, on Tuesday, 29 October, 2013.

This year, grants worth $426,000 have been distributed to 77 community groups and organisations from around Australia to assist in the identification and preservation of community owned but nationally significant heritage collections. In addition, University Conservator Amir Rezapourmoghadammiyandabi from the Auchmuty Library’s Cultural Collections attended a three-day intensive preservation and collection management workshop held at the National Library, the National Archives of Australia, the National Museum of Australia and the National Film and Sound Archive in Canberra.

Community Heritage Grants 2013 Recipents, National Library of Australia 29th October 2013

Community Heritage Grants 2013 Recipients, National Library of Australia 29th October 2013

Dr Anne Llewellyn Head of School of Design Communication and IT said the grant was important in supporting the effort to preserve the Margaret Senior Collection at the grassroots level. “While the grant provides the funds, the workshop offers the expertise to help us protect our collection and make it accessible while it remains in the local context,” she said. “This grant will enable a professional assessment to be conducted for the Collection, in order to plan its ongoing preservation and conservation needs into the long term”.

Director-General of the National Library of Australia, Ms Anne-Marie Schwirtlich, said the CHG program showed the commitment by the National Library, along with its partner institutions and the Federal Government, in encouraging communities to care for the nation’s heritage, be it in small country towns or capital cities.

“It is all about working together to help spread the message that if we don’t preserve our history now, it could be lost forever,” she said. “Through sharing this knowledge, the information can be taken back to the communities where it is most needed to ensure that local heritage collections are still there for future generations.”

The grant money is used for significance assessments, preservation needs assessments, conservation treatments, preservation training, digitisation, and purchasing quality storage materials or environmental monitoring equipment.

The Community Heritage Grants Program is funded by the Australian Government through the National Library of Australia; Ministry for the Arts, Attorney-General’s Department; the National Archives of Australia; the National Film and Sound Archive; and the National Museum of Australia.

Unbound Lepidoptera

Australian Lepidoptera Plate 7

Australian Lepidoptera - Plate 7

 

Recently, the University Library was very fortunate to receive a copy of what appears to be the unbound 1899 edition of A. W. Scott, Australian lepidoptera and their transformations drawn from the life. Vol. I. by Harriet and Helena Scott ; with descriptions, general and systematic by A.W. Scott.

Ms Jacqui Jools saw some of the publicity relating to our recent exhibition welcoming home the Scott Sisters’ works, and decided to offer us her copy of this very interesting edition of the work. We accepted her offer with alacrity! You can see the 9 black and white plates on our Flickr site.

We are most grateful to Ms Jools for her wonderful donation to Cultural Collections.

 

Welcoming the Scott Sisters Home to Newcastle

Plate 1 from the Australian Lepidoptera (1864)

To celebrate the recent purchases of three original Scott Sisters works through the University’s Reta Light Memorial Trust and Vera Deacon Regional History Fund Cultural Collections in the Auchuty Library is launching a Welcoming the Scott Sisters back to Newcastle Exhibition dedicated to their legacy in the service of science and art.

When: Tuesday 20 September 2011, 10am – 12pm
Where: Cultural Collections Auchmuty Library, University of Newcastle (Under the Mirror Ball)
Guest Speaker: Dr Anne Llewellyn
Cost: Free

The Exhibition will feature the three recently purchased Scott Sisters works, and printed illustrations from the books. In addition we will display the work of the University’s Nature Illustration students, along with life size models, and the ongoing restorative work of the Kooragang Wetland Rehabilitation Project that have been working on Ash Island, the original home of the Scott Sisters, over the past 18 years.

View the set of plates on Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/uon/sets/72157627585881887/

In so bringing the Scott Sisters back the Newcastle the University of Newcastle:

– brings into its custody the exceptional scientific achievements of the entomologist and entrepreneur Alexander Walker Scott (1800-1883), and his talented daughters Harriet (1830-1907) and Helena (1832-1910), artists and naturalists, who were educated and worked on Ash Island documenting Australian plants, animals and insects. This is of immense Local, National and International significance.

Scott's Australian Lepidoptera Plate 4

– actively supports the historical legacy of this environmental and scientific education in our students, especially those particularly enrolled in Dr Anne Llewellyn’s Natural History Illustration Course, the only course of its kind in an Australian University, and one of a handful worldwide, as well as those in environmental sciences and history. This interdisciplinary course is testament to the continuing legacy of the superb work of the Scott Sisters.

Plate 11 - Scott's Australian Lepidoptera (1864)

– promotes and supports the work of the Kooragang Wetland Rehabilitation Project and their University partners and volunteers, such as the Tom Farrell Institute for the Environment, that is actively rehabilitating natural landscapes and ecosystems that have been destroyed over the past 200 years of industrial development.

– promotes our Region’s story and place in the context of the ‘Beauty from Nature’ National Exhibition currently underway in the Australian Museum highlighting the work of the Scott Sisters, where all their original plates, archives, manuscripts and scientific and artistic tools and specimens are held. See http://australianmuseum.net.au/Scott-Sisters-Butterfly-and-Moth-Drawings

Plate 19 - Scott's Australian Lepidoptera (1864)

– promotes a greater respect and awareness for the pre-colonial, indigenous natural environment and the knowledge and sustainable practices of the Aboriginal people who lived on the Islands for thousands of years prior to the arrival of European peoples.

Frontispiece - Scott's Australian Lepidoptera Volume 2 showing the original pier and entrance to Scott's house and farm from the River

In addition copies of the (hot of the press) Butterflies and Bushland The illustrated guide to Ash Island Butterflies by Rosie Heritage and Julian Brougham will also be available for sale with a selection of twenty three (23) beautiful original paintings by Rosie Heritage, the illustrations used in the book ‘Butterflies and Bushland’, on display.

The book was made possible through a Department of Environment and Sustainability and Climate Change Caring for Our Country Grant, and continues the legacy of the work of Alexander Walker Scott and his two talented daughters Helena and Harriet, who, through their mastery of science and art, captured the flora and Lepidoptera of Ash Island, transforming it “into a place of scientific interest world wide.” Ash Island is gradually re-establishing its former splendor, after years of industrial degradation, through the work of the Hunter-Central Rivers Catchment Management Authority and the volunteers of the Kooragang Wetland Rehabilitation Project.  This book is the field guide to the environmental re-birth of this magical place and its butterflies.

I hope you can join us in welcoming the Scott Sisters back to Newcastle and celebrating their continuing legacy through the University and community.

Gionni Di Gravio
University Archivist

The Scott Sisters on Ash Island.

Text of the speech delivered by Dr Anne Llewellyn on the occasion of the Launch of the Exhibition

Harriet and Helena Scott are currently being celebrated in an exhibition at the Australian Museum.  Their work has remained largely unrecognized for 150 years since they lived and worked on Ash Island researching and illustrating the plants, insects and animals that inspired them.  Marion Ord’s 1988 publication that included reproductions of the plants and butterflies of the island reintroduced the world to the work of the Scott’s and reminded us of a world on Ash Island that has been largely lost as a result of heavy industry that used the Island as a dumping ground.

Tutored and guided by their father Alexander Walker Scott, a noted entrepreneur and entomologist, Harriet and Helena enjoyed the beautiful natural environment of Ash Island for a period of twenty years faithfully recording and documenting the wildlife around them.  The 2560 acres of land on the island was originally granted to AW Scott in 1829 but it wasn’t until 1846 after his marriage to Harriet Calcott that the family took up residency on Ash Island.  The home they moved into was modest described as being ‘ a simple house with a verandah, sheltered by pines and a huge Moreton Bay fig tree, with a plantation of orange trees behind a modest garden’.  The Scott’s oranges were reputed to be the best in the colony and were sent to the Sydney market.
Harriet and Helena then aged 16 and 14 mixed with prominent scientists and artists and the Island was often visited by memorable guests such as, Ludwig Leichhardt, the artist Conrad Martens and the ornithologist John Gould likely also visited.  Walker Scott is acknowledged by Gould in the 1865 publication of Birds of Australia as having shown him a brood of Grey Goshawks. The Scotts welcomed and entertained the colonies and visiting rich, famous and most interesting characters.

As a member of the Entomology Society of New South Wales and as a trustee of the Australian Museum, AW Scott was in a good position to introduce his talented daughters to the scientific elite. Harriet and Helena had some obvious advantages over their contemporaries in having this close contact with the scientific community that enabled them to seek advice and close scrutiny of their artwork.  As a result of their work on Lepidoptera, the sisters were made honorary members of the Entomological Society of NSW, a rare tribute for women of their day.

The Australian Museum collection of Scott papers, which largely covers the Lepidoptera, indicates that their research was meticulous and included written descriptions, notes and illustrations of each species.  Two notebooks contain numbered observations that align to numbers on the field sketches and when viewed together, each provides a comprehensive description of the colour, patterns and size of each specimen and their associated chrysalis. The notes also include descriptions of transparency and how the insect moves. The Scotts also collected and bred specimens to inform their work.  This collection, which includes a number of type specimens, has been dispersed across the Australian Museum collection but they remain excellent examples of scientifically significant colonial collecting.

Unfortunately the idyllic lifestyle on Ash Island did not last indefinitely and AW Scott was declared bankrupt in 1866. His wife died earlier in the same year and the remaining family moved back to Sydney.  Helena had married Edward Forde in 1864 but Edward also died in 1866 as a result of fever while conducting a survey of the Darling River.  Helena had planned a publication on Flora of the Darling based on specimens she had collected while accompanying her husband on the Darling trip.  His death saw the collection passed onto Rev William Woolls who included them in his 1867 publication Contribution to the flora of Australia.

The sisters continued to draw and paint commercially for the rest of their lives. Harriet drew botanical illustrations for the 1879, 1884 and 1886 editions of the Railway Guide to New South Wales, and they both executed designs for Australian Christmas cards. Her embarrassment at being forced into being paid for her illustration work led Helena to write in a letter to Edward Ramsay:

‘above all … let nobody know you are paying me for doing them for you … I should be sorry that anybody else should know and Papa would be mad’.

The illustrations of Harriet and Helena are represented in a number of notable publications including the landmark 1864 Australian Lepidoptera and Their Transformations,  J C Cox’s 1868 Monograph of Australian Land Shells, Gerard Kreft’s 1869 Snakes of Australia and 1871 Mammals of Australia.

The University of Newcastle has generously brought home to Newcastle some of this important cultural heritage in the books we see today.  As is the case with much of the natural and cultural history of Newcastle and the Hunter region, our ability to research and enjoy it is limited to museums and galleries out of the region.  Though some of this information is being reproduced electronically, the opportunities for Novocastrians to turn the pages and be delighted by the original published work of Harriet and Helena and the many other artists who have documented the rich history of the region has been limited to major national or international libraries or museums.  I am delighted that the University through funding from the Rita Light memorial trust and also the Vera Deacon regional history fund recognizes the important and significant contribution of the Scott family in recording the natural wealth of this area.

Over the last 20 years, the legacy of the Scott’s research and illustrations has informed the rehabilitation of Ash Island.  Peggy Svoboda and a team of volunteers have established thousands of plants including orchids catalogued in the Scott collection.  Hopefully it won’t be too long before the Island will again boast the sentiment expressed by Ludwig Leichhardt whilst a guest of AW Scott in 1842:

..it is a remarkably fine place, not only to enjoy the beauty of nature, a broad shining river, a luxuriant vegetation, a tasteful comfortable cottage with a plantation of orange trees, but to collect a great number of plants which I have never seen before.
(M. Aurousseau (ed. And translation) Letters of F.W. Leichhardt, Vol. 2, Cambridge 1968

The accompanying exhibition of Natural history illustration, is the work of current research higher degree students from the University’s school of Design Communication and Information Technology who are carrying on the tradition of Harriet and Helena.  As their work demonstrates, the Hunter remains a focal point for the observation and visual interpretation of nature some 145 years after the Scotts left Ash Island.  The physical natural environment of the area remains a rich resource for staff and students of the Natural History Illustration program unique in Australia to Newcastle. Through meticulous field observation, recording and research, this exhibition exemplifies the best practice established and executed by the Scotts on Ash Island and puts Newcastle and the University on the map internationally as a focus for excellence in this field of endeavour.  I thank the RHD candidates represented in this exhibition for contributing work for the exhibition and congratulate them on their commitment to the elucidation of science and contribution to knowledge. The world sorely needs such advocates at this time of global warming, habitat destruction and projected sea level change.

To read more on the work of the Scott family the following link to Beauty from Nature: art of the Scott Sisters exhibition currently on show at the Australian Museum
http://australianmuseum.net.au/Beauty-from-Nature-art-of-the-Scott-Sisters/

Media Links

Great Scott’s Ash Island home restored (Newcastle Star 21 September 2011)

Live: Talented Newcastle sisters celebrated (Newcastle Star 21 September 2011)

Sisters’ 1840s botanical paintings open gallery (Newcastle Herald 27 August 2011)

Butterflies of Ash Island (ABC 1233 Interview with Julia Brougham and Rosie Heritage)