Local Treasures – A coal trimmer’s diary

Sample page from 'Tit-Bits' manuscript a coal trimmer's diary (IMG_1951)

Day Shift – 16/11/2010 – 02:10 PM
Presenter: Carol Duncan
Interviewee: Gionni Di Gravio, Archivist, Newcastle University

University of Newcastle Archivist Gionni Di Gravio brings in an authentic coal trimmer’s diary from Carrington.

Broadcast Notes:
Tit-bits [manuscript] : [a Newcastle coal trimmer’s diary] by Frederick (Fred.) Roberts of Carrington New South Wales is an authentic handwritten, leather bound diary written by coal trimmer, later crane driver, Frederick Roberts.

It spans the years 1901-1915 and describes his family life in Carrington, N.S.W.

It also provides a brief historical record of the activities of the Carrington Fire Brigade.

Read the whole manuscript online here:
Titbits [manuscript] : [a Newcastle coal trimmer’s diary] by Frederick Roberts (20MB PDF)
Also see our Ralph Snowball – Maritime Newcastle set on Flickr


Pieces of an authentic British Airship of the First World War (Outer skin)

Day Shift – 21/09/2010 – 02:10 PM
Presenter: Carol Duncan
Interviewee: Gionni Di Gravio, Archivist, Newcastle University

As part of the Local Treasures show University of Newcastle Archivist Gionni Di Gravio brings in an authentic piece of a British Airship from the First World War from William Dalton (Dalton Family papers), and a book on Balloons from the Library of Professor Godfrey Tanner.

Broadcast Notes:

You find the most amazing objects in an Archive. Years ago I came across a piece of a British Airship which I Like to think was a Zeppelin. Like most things when you try to remember where you saw it, you can’t remember. Well, yesterday I found it again among the Dalton Family papers. In a correspondence file of letters to William Dalton (1897-1974) during the First World War was a folded blank form, “Report of Sighting Enemy’s Battlefleet”. In the folds it held three pieces of solid material. The note on the reverse of the form (in presumably William Dalton’s handwriting) said:

“This is the form that the airships use
for sending messages via carrier pidgeon
of which they carry about three.

The rubber fabric is what the envelope of
our patrol airships is made of.
Charlie gave me this. They have a R.N.A.S. man boarding there.
The outside of the ship is painted alluminium colour.

There is no inner envelope to hold the gas
this is the one and only envelope used.”

"Report of Sighting Enemy's Battlefleet"

William Dalton's description

Inner side of the Airship

Biographical note. William Dalton was 11th March 1897. According to Jack Dalton’s pamphlet entitled William Dalton of “Riversdale”, Scone [c1974] after studying at Newcastle’s first high school (known as the Hill School), William Dalton became an engineering apprentice with Morison and Bearby at Carrington, and attended the Technical College at night. He served with the Fortress Engineers at Nobbys prior to joining the A.I.F. in April 1917. He served two years in France. After the Armistice, and awaiting passage home, he worked for Kincaid’s shipbuilding works on the Clyde, Scotland.

After his discharge in December 1919 he began dairy farming with his brother Harry at Sandy Hollow. In May 1923 he married Anna May Gibson of Singleton and had two children Jack and Gwen. He sold his interest in the dairy farm to his brother and in 1934 bought ‘Riversdale’ near Scone, where he remained for the rest of his life. In 1937 he began share wheat farming on ‘Nandowra’ which continued through the war years. In the sphere of community affairs he was instrumental in the formation of the Parkville Bushfire Brigade in 1944 and served as Honorary Secretary until 1970.

An active campaigner for the health of the local environment in 1946 he organised a planting of a Pioneer Memorial Drive at Parkville on Arbor Day, which led to the formation of the Parkville Progress Association to which he was foundation member and served as Vice President (1947-1949) and President (1950). He was also a member of the Upper Hunter Re-afforestation League and urged for the establishment of offices for the Soil Conservation Service and Forestry Commission in Scone.

In December 1947 he was elected to the Shire Council and campaigned for the formation of the Upper Hunter County Council, which became a reality on the 1st October 1953. Among his other achievements was the establishment of the Public Library, which was officially opened in July 1954 by the Governor of New South Wales Sir John Northcott. In April 1954 he resigned from Council.

He was a foundation member of The Hunter Valley Conservation Trust that was formed in 1950. In 1958, as part of the Trust’s work, the Barrington Tops Bush Fire Prevention Association was formed to create fire trails to prevent the destruction caused by bushfires in the area. He served as the Trust’s representative and Chairman from 1960 until 1965.

On the 21st March 1956 he convened the inaugural meeting of the Scone and Upper Hunter Historical Society, and was elected its first President, an office which he held until his retirement in 1969. He continued to be involved in the Society’s affairs and activities, and in 1973, along with Mr Wilfred Green, (the Society’s first Honorary Secretary) was unanimously elected as its first Honorary Members. Following his wife’s death on the 17th July 1971, his own health deteriorated and he died on the 22nd June 1974.

Discover the Dalton Family Collectionhttp://libguides.newcastle.edu.au/content.php?pid=72240&sid=534854

Mr colleague Dr Edward Bridle has a family connection with airships. He writes:

My grandmother, D.E. Cresswell, was an eyewitness to the first Zeppelin brought down over England during the Great War, in 1916. She was a young woman at the time, living in Ash Vale in Surrey (just across the county boundary from Aldershot, in Hampshire). The Zeppelin had been raiding to the north of London, but its destruction was visible for miles. It had been caught by a R.F.C. pilot at a height of 12,000 feet – almost higher than the aeroplanes of the time could manage – and set on fire by tracer bullets. It was coming down, afire from end to end – not plummeting, as an aeroplane would do, but falling slowly, as the burning hydrogen gas took away its lift – and the crowd where my grandmother was watching was cheering; then a woman’s voice was heard to say “There’s some poor mothers’ sons in that,” and from that moment on, they watched in dead silence.

Years later my grandfather, whose ship was in Rio at the time (this would be in 1930), sent her a letter by airmail. It was carried across the Atlantic by the famous airship Graf Zeppelin. (That letter is now in my possession).

To bring an even wider historical perspective, I’ve also brought in a beautiful treasure from the Tanner Collection on ‘Balloons’. It has some beautiful illustrations from the dawn of the ‘new vehicle’ of the Balloon which began on the 21st November 1783.

First Voyage 21st November 1783

1785-'Tour de Calais'

1803 - "La Minerve"

1817 - Ascension de Margat sur son Cerf Aeronaute Coco

William Squire’s Breeches Bible

Breeches Bible page containing ownership inscriptions by William Squire

Day Shift – 20/07/2010 – 02:10 PM
Presenter: Carol Duncan
Interviewee: Gionni Di Gravio, Archivist, Newcastle University

University of Newcastle Archivist Gionni Di Gravio discusses an interesting document that fell out of the University of Newcastle’s Breeches Bible.

Broadcast Notes:

One day one of my work colleagues asked me to look at a document that had fallen out of the Breeches Bible held in our Morpeth/Renaissance Collection. It was of Italian origin and they wanted to know what it was all about. What struck me in the first instance was that it was from Livorno in Italy. It was along this coast of Livorno (or Leghorn) where the famous Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley drowned in 1822. I had spent a number of weeks on a pilgrimage chasing his memory all over Italy back in 1993, so it was exciting to handle a relic from those times. The document was dated the 20 April 1781 and appeared to be a consignment note or receipt.

Italian consignment note found in University’s copy of the Breeches Bible

I have left a copy with my father to have a go at translating, but here is my attempt:

A di 20 di Aprile 1781 In Livorno
On the 20th April, 1781 in Livorno

Ha caricato con il Nome di DIO, e di buon salvamento una volta tanto
in questo Porto di Livorno

A shipment with [or in] the name of God, and of good condition for once
in this port of Livorno.

L J U[lti]mo Bevmo Monsig. Proporto, i Nicario Generale Antonio Baldovinetti, per conto e lincie di Chii petta
sopra a Navicello nominat San Ranieri, Pad Gio Batta Pucci Toscano

L J [Last] Monsignor Bevmo proposes, the Vicar General Antonio Baldovinetti, on behalf of lincie di Chupetta
aboard the Navicello by the name of San Ranieri, Pad Gio Batta Pucci Toscano

per condurre, e consegnare in questo suo presente viaggio in Roma AS Eta L Sig. Marchese Lorenzo Quistigniani, o chi per erro
to conduct and deliver in this his present trip to Roma A.S. Eta L Signor Marquis Lorenzo Giustiniani, or whomever

le appie nominate, e numerate Mercanzie, asciutte, intiere, e ben condizionate, segnate come di contro, e cosi promeete detto Padre
at the foot of the labelled and numbered Merchandise, dry, interred, well packed, clearly marked, and so this promises the Patron

a suo salvo arrivo consignarle, e di nolo li sara pagato Pavoli uno Perglas
on his safe arrival deliver, and the freight charges will be paid by them.

e per fede del vero sara questa con altre simili firmata da detto Padrone
and in good faith this will be signed by that other similar patron

e non sapendo scrivere, per lui da terza persona, ed una complita l’altre restino di nullo valore. N.S. l’accompagni a salvamento, Amen.
and unable to write, to him by another person, and a full the other remains of no value. N.S. take her to safety, Amen.

I dico un Pacchetto Contenente Carte Stampate Involte con carta, e Ammagliato con spago, con La Sua Direrrione come sopre
I say a package containing printed papers, wrapped with paper and bound with twine, with its Directions as above

Antonio Candrini Uffi
Antonio Candrini Uffi

The Old “Navicello” from the Port of Livorno still exists and has been restored here http://public.fotki.com/Magwa/cruising/msc_monterey/ports_of_call/porto_di_livorno_-/20060412livorno384.html Whether there was more than one I am not sure. Our consignment note appears to say that the name of the Navicello is the San Ranieri.

Some of the names mentioned in the document were traceable. The Vicar General Antonio Baldovinetti is one notable Jansenist (a counter-reformation movement within the Catholic Church and deemed a heresy) who was later driven out of Leghorn around 1790 by what he believed was an 0rchestrated campaign from Rome.

Another name in the document with a marvelously long name of Prince Lorenzo Giacopo Angelo Filippo Domenico Louis Ignatius John Giuseppe Vincenzo Giustiniani, (bapt. 2 Oct 1767; d. 22 Mar 1843)?] has possible English links to the Clifford family through the family of the Earl of Newburgh.

And it is through this link that provides the possible connection as to how this book came down to us in the Morpeth Collection.

Our copy has no title page, but further along is a title page of sorts for the concordances (see image above).

On this page the owner of the book, William Squire, signed ‘Squior’ and dated his copy of this work with the inscription ‘1644 William Squior his booke 1649 [?]’

William Squire’s Signature and Date

In addition at the top right hand side of the page is another marginal note with a decorative motif or doodle:

William Squire’s Curse to Book Thieves

It is rather faint, so we have heightened the contrast to read his threat to anyone that would dare steal ‘his booke’:

William Squire’s Curse to Book Thieves (Higher contrast image)

It reads:

William Squior his booke
He that steals it shall be
hanged on a hooke but if
the hooke fails he shall be
hanged on a nail but if
the nail fails he shall be
hanged on the […] hooke

We can’t make out the second last word, so if anyone has any ideas on what it could be please let us know.

Who was William Squire or Squior? Well we think we have tracked him down. He was a student at Trinity Hall Cambridge (a known seat of Puritanism in England) later a Fellow of University College Oxford in 1655. He probably placed the inscription in his book to ward off his fellow students with light fingers. Such inscriptions relating to ‘hanging on a hook’ were relatively common for the times, I haven’t been able to find as full a rendering as ours yet. Squire became Rector of Rolleston Parish in Derbyshire, a notable polemic theologian and author of a couple of anti Romanist works. He died on September 1677. We also found an entry for him in Anthony Wood’s Athenæ [i.e., Athenae] Oxonienses : an exact history of all the writers and bishops who have had their education in the most antient and famous University of Oxford, from the fifteenth year of King Henry the Seventh, A.D. 1500, to the author’s death in November 1695 : Representing the birth, fortune, preferment, and death of all those authors and prelates, the great accidents of their lives, and the fate and character of their writings. To which are added, The Fasti, or Annals, of the said University. In two volumes Wood, Anthony A, 1632-1695:

William Squire – Biographical Entry

So this bible appears to be the copy William Squire possessed as a student in Cambridge.

For people interested in the history of the The Breeches Bible (or Geneva Bible)  see the numerous references on the internet, Wikipedia says it was was the first mechanically printed, mass-produced Bible ever made available direct to the general public and predated the famous King James Version. It was the bible was used by the dramatist Shakespeare, political and military leader, Oliver Cromwell, the poets John Milton and John Donne, the founder of Presbyterianism, John Knox and author of the classic Pilgrim’s Progress John Bunyan. It was also the Puritan bible of choice taken to America aboard the Mayflower.

Our copy appears to have been published sometime after 1611, and doesn’t contain any illustrations, so might have been a cheaper, student edition of the time. William Squire signed the book around 1644, which was around the time its final edition was published.

This is a investigative research case for CSI – Archives Hunter Region Division – What we would like to know is:

1. Was William Squire the book’s first owner?
2. Is there a connection between William Squire and the Italian characters in the Livorno consignment note?
3. How did the consignment note end up in an English Anglican Church collection?

Anyone who is able to add to this information, provide a better Italian translation, or provide further information on the characters in this story is very welcome to do so by contacting us archives@newcastle.edu.au

Gionni Di Gravio
20 July 2010

Mitchell 1828 Exhibition

Nature Illustration

Day Shift – 18/05/2010 – 02:10 PM
Presenter: Carol Duncan
Interviewee: Gionni Di Gravio, Archivist, Newcastle University

University of Newcastle Archivist Gionni Di Gravio discusses the new forthcoming exhibition of Natural History Illustration works, surveying reports and early Newcastle Panoramas on display at the University of Newcastle’s Cultural Collections in the Auchmuty Library. This is a rich physical and online display of the University’s engaged interdisciplinary research highlighting the historic natural beauty of the Novocastrian landscape.

Broadcast Notes:

Back in September 2008 a manuscript came to light in the State Library of New South Wales containing the first recorded mention of the Aboriginal name of Nobbys as  ‘Whibayganba’. In addition, the 1828 field book of Sir Thomas Mitchell, Surveyor General, contained three sketches of Newcastle drawn from the top of Fort Scratchley looking towards Nobbys, then looking towards Prospect Hill (Now Obelisk Hill), then another taken from the top of the Windmill (now Obelisk Hill) looking back towards Newcastle. These three important sketches are reproduced here:


The full Field book can be seen here:

1828. Mitchell, Sir Thomas Livingstone (1792-1855) Field Book – Port Jackson and Newcastle, 1828 (C 40) 55MB PDF (Courtesy of the State Library of New South Wales)

At the time, the Coal River Working Party immediately enlisted the assistance of  Emeritus Professor John Fryer in Surveying to ask whether he could examine the survey readings and compare them with those of Australian Agricultural Company surveyor John Armstrong Survey in 1830.

We believed that this Field book would also be of interest to art historians wanting to compare the actual perspective readings with the colonial art portrayals of the township. So we also asked Dr Anne Llewellyn whether her Natural History Illustration students would be interested in ‘colouring’ Mitchell’s sketches and bring them to life.

This was a perfect opportunity to spark an interdisciplinary ‘science meets the arts’ research approach to these important historical works.

Professor Fryer asked two final Surveying Students to examine Sir Thomas Mitchell’s sketches and survey readings in order to decipher them into lay person’s terms. After a year’s work those two final year students, Mr Chris Towers and Troy Sumner, prepared a report on their findings which they presented at two seminars held on Friday 6 November 2009 (to their Surveying Colleagues), (see the following three You Tube videos from the Presentation – unfortunately we did not capture the whole seminar):

and then at a meeting of the Coal River Working Party on the 7 December 2009. (This is an edited version with the second half of the Presentation and Questions):

Dr Anne Llewellyn’s 2nd Year Natural History Illustration students researched the content of Mitchell’s sketches and together with field observations, developed a ‘reconstruction’ of Mitchell’s drawings based on the ‘now known’ plants and animals of the region. Here is a video from their Presentation before the Coal River Working Party on the 7 December 2009, and a selection of their beautiful art works with some details.

The students whose work is on display are:
Angela Armstrong
Kimberley Swan
Karen McDonald
Susan Sparks
Helen Adamski
Teresa Purnell
Amy Hands
Katherine Pearce
Phoebe Ritchie
Morgan Laudine

To view all the student’s artworks please see our Flickr page here: http://www.flickr.com/photos/uon/sets/72157624027355103/ and slideshow here: http://www.flickr.com/photos/uon/sets/72157624027355103/show/

The Work of Sir Thomas Mitchell examined and analysed by University of Newcastle Surveying Students Chris Towers and Troy Sumner

The Full Report and Summary prepared by Chris Towers and Troy Sumner of the University of Newcastle’ Discipline of Civil, Surveying & Environmental Engineering for the Coal River Working Party was placed on the Coal River blog here:

[Sir Thomas Mitchell 1828 Newcastle Survey Report – Full Report and Summary]

Towers, Chris and Sumner, Troy.
Sir Thomas Mitchell’s Angular Observations and Field-Note Sketches of Newcastle. [12.6 MB PDF file]

Towers, Chris.
Summary of Report: Sir Thomas Mitchell’s Angular Observations and Field-Note Sketches of Newcastle [896KB PDF File]



Then; Newcastle in 1828 from Signal Hill (now Fort Scratchley) by Sir Thomas Mitchell


Fort Scratchley Panorama by Chris Towers


Then: Newcastle from the Windmill (now Obelisk Hill) (1828) by Sir Thomas Mitchell


Obelisk Panorama by Chris Towers


To celebrate the achievements of this work, the  University of Newcastle’s Cultural Collections in the Auchmuty Library has prepared an exhibition of the student’s artworks, as well as a collection of reproductions of Newcastle painted panoramas from various stages in its history, including the Mitchell 1828 sketches, to be displayed. Some of the Panoramas below have never been seen before.

T.R. Browne (1812)

T.R. Browne (1812)

Browne, T.R. (1776 – 1824). Newcastle, in New South Wales, with a distant view of Point Stephen,1812 and
View of Hunters River, near Newcastle, New South Wales, 1812. Copper Engraving.
Photographer: Bruce Turnbull. Courtesy Newcastle Region Art Gallery.

Edward Charles Close – Newcastle 1818

Edward Charles Close (1818)

Sketchbook 1818
Now attributed to Edward Charles Close. Courtesy National Library of Australia.

Edward Charles Close (1821)

Edward Charles Close (1821)

Panorama of Newcastle 1821.
Panorama of Newcastle : watercolour drawings by Edward Charles Close.
Courtesy State Library of New South Wales.

Edward Charles Close (c1825)

Edward Charles Close (c1825)

The Panorama above is constituted of the following paintings in Sketchbook of scenes of Sydney, Broken Bay, Newcastle and region, New South Wales, 1817-1840, (Courtesy of the National Library of Australia) once attributed to Sophia Campbell, now Edward Charles Close, 1790-1866 (Thanks to Mark Metrikas for identifying this find) The individual paintings that make up this Panorama from the Sketchbook are listed in order from left to right: (1) Commandant’s house from in front of the old gaol, Newcastle, New South Wales, ca. 1828 [picture] (2) Dwellings, fenced land and the windmill on the hill, Newcastle, New South Wales, ca. 1820 [picture] (3) Barracks with Christ Church in the distance, Newcastle, New South Wales, ca. 1820 [picture] (4) Dwellings and buildings in Newcastle, New South Wales, ca. 1820 (5) View over buildings towards the signal mast and Nobby Head, Newcastle, New South Wales, ca. 1820.

John Rae (1849)

John Rae (1849)

Rae, John, 1813-1900. Newcastle in 1849.
Courtesy State Library of New South Wales.

William Keene (1854)

William Keene (1854)

William Keene (Examiner of Coal Mines)
Copy of Stratigraphic sketch from Nobby’s Island Newcastle to Burwood, showing coal seams and their Order of Superposition. 31 May 1854.
Photographed by Bruce Turnbull. Archives Authority Map No. SZ325 (Courtesy State Archives of NSW)

John Rae – Photograph (c1880)

John Rae (c.1880)

Rae, John, 1813-1900. [Panoramic photograph of Newcastle, 1878-1882, possibly taken from Jesmond House] — 4 albumen photoprints
from Sketches in New South Wales in the olden time 1842 – 1859 by John Rae, M.A. / album of watercolour panoramas and photographs of watercolour sketches.
Courtesy State Library of New South Wales.

On behalf of the University’s Cultural Collections (Auchmuty Library) and the Coal River Working Party we congratulate Emeritus Professor John Fryer, Dr Anne Llewellyn and their students for their work, and the wonderful new insights it has brought to the study of our history and artistic legacy.

Gionni Di Gravio
May 2010

World War 1 Archives

Wiz Bang captured by the 10th Australian Infantry Brigade on the hill at Wiancourt. Blown out by a shell. This is a 77 mm gun little under 3″.

Day Shift – 20/04/2010 – 02:10 PM
Presenter: Carol Duncan
Interviewee: Gionni Di Gravio, Archivist, Newcastle University

On the eve of ANZAC day commemorations University of Newcastle Archivist Gionni Di Gravio discusses the World War 1 related archives holdings at the University of Newcastle’s Cultural Collections in the Auchmuty Library.

Broadcast Notes:

Most of the images come from two collections in particular; the Dalton Family and Colonel Brent Burnell Rodd

View a set of World War 1 photographs from the Archives on Flickr:


and slideshow here:


Here is an overview of our Worl War 1 related archives:




A5197 Correspondence, 1911 – 1914.

Printed materials, 1874 – 1912 (including Articles of War).



A5314 (v) Leeds Parish Church prayers in time of war, November 1914.



A5359 (iii) Press clipping: Warrior’s Chapel, 1935.

A5366 (iii) The Warriors Chapel, 1924.



A5398 (i) Personal diary c. 1914 – 1918. [Photocopies, originals in possession of Mrs. Muriel Rodd].

A5398 (ii) Personal diary c. 1914 – 1918. [Pages 64, 75, 76, 78 missing].

A5398 (viii) Autobiography and family history of Colonel Rodd [n.d.].

A5398 (ix) Photographs:

Soldiers [1914 – 1918].

Photograph and press cutting of Colonel Rodd presenting swords to United Service Club [n.d.].

Field Marshall, The Earl Kitchener [n.d.].

Scotts Ltd, Newcastle, 1916.

King Street, Newcastle, 1916.

A5399 (i) – (ii) Military training notes and miscellanea relating to Colonel Rodd and World War I, 1909 – 1918.

A5399 (iii) Military training notebooks, 1914 – 1918.

Notebook listing members of D. Company [?34th Battalion, 1916].

A5399 (iv) Military records including:

Consecration and presentation of colours, 1925 – 1926.

Exam paper [1927?].

Correspondence and notes relating to 4th Infantry Regiment, November 7th, 1920.

A5399 (v) Some tradition of “the Services” in the Hunter River District by B.B. Rodd [typescript n.d.].

Australian Imperial Force [typescript n.d.].

Saving Amiens: the German thrust at Villers, Bretteneux, March, 1918 [printed].

A5399 (v) Press clippings relating to World War I and the Australian Imperial Forces.

A5399 (vi) Concert programme, 1917.

Printed material including:

Prayer books, 1917.

Selected psalms and proverbs: Active Service edition, 1914 – 1918.
A5400 (vi) Pamphlets relating to Military Forces, World War I.

Australia’s First Expeditionary Force 1914.

The illustrated London News, April 20th, 1918.

Aussie : the Australian Soldiers Magazine, February 16th, 1918.

The origin and history of the City of Newcastle Regiment 2nd Infantry Battalion, Australian Military Forces [?1954].

The Maltese roller, August – September, 1918 [pamphlet].

Form of Service… at Church Parades, 1916.

A5402 Australian Military Forces regulations and training manuals 1903 – 1918 [books and pamphlets].

A5403 [As above] including Australian Military Forces Defence Act 1903 – 1918.



A5582 (vi) Security and Newcastle in the War of 1914 – 1918. [History IIB essay 1979, Xerox copy.]


ALBERT, France [Place]:

A5609 (viii) Documents souvenired by an Australian soldier in the First World War from shell-ruined buildings in Albert, France.



A5759 (ii) Fragments from France: Two booklets of World War 1 cartoons, published by The Bystander. [n.d.].

A5762 Printed material:

Section of? Commonwealth Year Book, 1916?;

Maps: 1819 – c.1945.

War map of the Western Front. Sydney, W. & A.K. Johnston, c.1915;

English Prints:

World War I Posters, 1915;



Commercial Banking Company:

A5821 (iii) War loans records and related correspondence, 1918 – 1920.

Non Business Records:

A5825 (iv) Papers concerned with the R.T. Keys Memorial Gates, 1914.

A5825 (vii) Papers concerned with War Distress Relief Fund, 1914.

A5825 (viii) List of staff at War, 1914 – 1918.

A5825 (x) Papers relating to Comforts Fund, 1916.

A5826 (iv) Picture show tickets and voting slip in relation to “Allies Day”, May 24th, 1916.



A5842a – b Australian War Memorial Museum…1914 – 1918. [Guidebook for the use of visitors], 1925.



A5942 (iii) War census card, 1915.



Printed material:

A5970 (iii) Pamphlets on sex hygiene and morals, 1888 – 1917.

A5974 (i) Ford car catalogues [c. 1915]; perfume advertisements, 1888; Red Cross Appeal 1916.

A5974 (iii) World War I posters, 1914 – 1918.


A5974 (vi) Stead’s war atlas, October, 1916.
Germany’s lost empire in Africa. [c. 1916.]
World War I maps of Europe, 1914 – 1918.



A6137 (iv) Warriors’ Chapel, 1924 – 1979.



Books of Dr. Joseph L. Beeston:

A6202 (ii) Beeston, Joseph Lievesley:
Five months at Anzac…, Syd., A. & R., 1916.

A6202 (viii) MS [copy]: Reminiscences: Newcastle in the early 20th century, by Samuel Lievesley Beeston BE, MIE Aust. Commander R.A.N. (Retired).

A6202 (ix) TS [copy]: The R.A.N. in the first World War [by S.L. Beeston].



A6524 (xiv) Open Foundation history projects, 1986. [Essays and oral history on women].
Robertson, Gwyneth:
A history of Winns Ltd, from October, 1878 to 19th January, 1980. (2 copies) – being an adjunct to the WW1 Winns honour board hanging on the rear wall of the Archives Stack, and which pictures 25 male staff who gave military service during 1914-1918.


NEWCASTLE INFANTRY BATTALIONS: [History]: (Donated by Jim Docherty).

A6575 (iii) The origin and history of the City of Newcastle Regiment 2nd Infantry Battalion, Australian Military Forces, 1855 – 1954.
Newcastle Infantry Battalions, 1903 – 1945. [Notes prepared by Mr. Ric Haines, supplied to J.C. Docherty, October, 1986].


PAUL, MRS J: 1 Ireland Ave, Mayfield (Donor):

A6575 (iv) Ink and wash original postcards by Harry Hargreaves, Newcastle identity, with letters addressed to Lizzie, from Harry Hargreaves In the Field, June 27th, 1917 (World War I).


Conduit: Mr Jim Downie
Date Deposited: November 2006

A6600 (iii) Two Photographs of Ferrier Family.  #2. Family welcome home in the backyard of “Ponsonby” for Gordon Ferrier after 1914-1918 War, circa March/April 1919.
Standing (l-r) Agnes, Adelaide, Isabella, Beryl (behind), Gordon, Amy and Tom.
Front Seated (l-r) Florence, Lily, Marjorie

A6607 (vii) Correspondence, newsclippings and papers relating to Captain Gordon Campbell Wilson, WW1 Military Cross recipient. 1920-1989.


Background material for thesis and book on Newcastle:

A6901 (i) Ideas book, 1974 – 1988. [Newcastle, the making of an Australian City and thesis : Newcastle and conscription 1916 – 1917.

A6901 (iii) A bibliographical essay on a proposed social history of Newcastle, N.S.W., 1912 – 1929, 1974. [In pencil – good bibliography of Newcastle history sources.]

A6902 – A6904 Manuscript notes on cards on Newcastle social history and Newcastle people.

A6905 (vi) Manuscript and typescript notes on war and conscription 1914 – 1917, and notes for first chapter of monograph.

Photocopies of printed material on:

A6905 (vii) Press clippings on Newcastle 1917, 1922.
Newcastle factories, 1915.



A7200 (xii) The Australian warrior-hero and the classical component, paper delivered at the History Conference to mark the 50th anniversary of the opening of the National War Memorial, Canberra, November 12th – 15th, 1991, delivered by Dr. B.F. Curran.



A7613 (iv) R W Miller and Company – Costing and Profit Margin data, 1914 – 1918.

A7613 (v) R W Miller and Company – correspondence, balance sheets, tax returns and accounts papers relating to War-time Profits Tax, June, 1912 – September, 1921.


ANGLICAN DIOCESE OF NEWCASTLE – CANON CARLOS STRETCH [Son of Bishop John Francis Stretch]: (Deposited by Helen Pankhurst.), [Accessioned by Mrs. Josie Stevenson, 1999.] :

A7729 (xvi) Folder : Scrapbook containing clippings of war poems from First World War 1914-1918, and copy of Talks with the Troops. Sermon notes by P.S.Wigram. Also clipping of How British swooped on Benghasi (map of Mediterranean) from Maitland Mercury, Saturday, February 15th, 1941.


COCKING, JOSIAH: (Conduit: Keith Cocking, November, 1999.) [Accessioned March, 2000.]

A7748 The notebook Diaries of Josiah Cocking:

E. 4th December 1909 – 17th May 1920, f. 647 – 878.

A7750 News clipping book entitled “Industrial” relating to labour, political, warfare and communist themes, Febuary, 1911 – January, 1932.

News clipping book entitled “Industry. Industrial” relating to labour, communism and warfare, February, 1911 – January, 1932.

[Anthony Horden & Sons Palace Emporium, Sydney, Catalogue used as newspaper clipping book] Book entitled “War” consisting of cuttings relating to warfare, 1913 – 1959.

A7751 The published verse of Josiah Cocking (under a number of pseudonyms such as The Soshalistik Kove, Dad, Daisy’, K.N. Pepper, Capsicum, Taraxacum, Dandelion and Violet) in a series of newscipping exercise books entitled Verses:

1. Verses, May, 1910 – May, 1922, November, 1958 – January, 1959.
7. Verses, July, 1914 – November, 1958.
9. Verses, November, 1911 – June, 1959.
10. Verses, January, 1916 – June 1960.
11. Verses, Typescript of Verses written between 1887 and 1954.

A7752 Josiah Cocking scrapbooks of clippings and manuscript snippets entitled “Scraps”:

2. Scraps, (entitled ‘War Against War’) September, 1910 – 1932.
4. Scraps, (entitled ‘Vera’) August, 1909 – June, 1960.
6. Scraps, 6a 1955 – 1960, 6b August – December, 1907, 6c 1885 – 1889, December, 1918.
7. Scraps, May, 1918 – November, 1934.
8. Scraps, December, 1918 – June, 1940.
9. Scraps, June, 1912 – August, 1934.

A7753 (i) 11. Scraps, August, 1907 – March, 1931.

A7753 (iii) Bound booklets and pamphlets including:

1. Twelve Months of Sedition: Harry Holland’s Speech from the Dock and the Chief Justice’s Remarks in Delivering Sentence. Wellington, 1914.
A7753 (v) Bound booklets and pamphlets including:

3. War! Points About the Fighting Powers: A Handy Catechism [Cover Title: Stead’s War Book Compiled by Henry Stead], Melbourne, n.d.
A7753 (vi) Copy of: Armageddon or Calvary: The Conscientious Objectors of New Zealand and The Process of Their Conversion by H.E. Holland. Wellington, 1919.

A7753 (xiv) Two notebooks containing manuscript versions of Josiah Cocking’s prose and verse works under the pseudonym of ‘Dandelion’, June, 1911 – January, 1914, January, 1914 – April, 1919.

A7754 CD Rom version of The Diaries of Josiah Cocking 1867 – 1960.

[Typescript] Biography of Josiah Cocking by Arthur James Cocking [n.d.]



Supplementary Material Deposited by Mrs Gwen Hamment March 2001

See <http://www.newcastle.edu.au/services/library/collections/archives/int/daltonfamily.html&gt;

A7773 Assorted Children’s Books 1900 – 1908; World War I related material including military training booklets, weapons manuals, newsclippings, maps, 1914 – 1931.

A7774 Four works owned by James Dalton, eldest son of Captain J Dalton and Eliza Jane, who was born in 1883 and was killed in action in the First World War. The Swiss Family Robinson [n.d.] Natural History by Rev J.G. Wood (1868), The Story of the Bible by James Foster [n.d.] and Little Lord Fauntleroy by Mrs F.H. Burnett (1889)


CARRINGTON PUBLIC SCHOOL RECORDS: (Conduit: Mrs. M. Cramp, 188 Denison Street, Hamilton). [Received 15th September, 2000.]

A7795 (v) The Great War Written for Young Australians 1916 by H.D. McLelland B.A. (two copies)


[Received June, 1999.] [Accessioned by Gionni di Gravio, October, 1999.]

See <http://www.newcastle.edu.au/services/library/collections/archives/int/daltonfamily.html&gt;

A8271 (i) Correspondence to William Dalton while serving in France during First World War with two letters to Mr. John Dalton relating to the correspondents. Feb. 1918-Dec. 1919, Nov.1946 – Dec. 1946.

A8271 (ii) Correspondence to William Dalton from various family members during World War I. Sept. 1917 – Nov. 1919.

A8271 (v) Correspondence to William Dalton together with cards, mementos, booklets and paraphernalia (including portions of an airship) relating to World War I. Oct. 1889 – Nov. 1919.

A8271 (vi) Letters to William Dalton while serving overseas during World War I from mother, Eliza Jane and brothers, Harry and John Dalton. Nov. 1917 – Nov. 1919.

A8271 (vii) Photo Album containing images of “Burton Agnes” Salt Ash, family home of Captain John and Eliza Dalton; Dalton family members, Nelson’s Bay, First Methodist Church, Stockton and Newcastle. 1909 – 1916.

A8271 (viii) Photo Album containing images from First World War taken by Mr. William Dalton with written annotations on the reverse side of the photographs. 1916 – c.1919.

A8273 (iv) Folder containing:

Correspondence including wartime letters, 1912 – 1963.

Notes and hessian post bag from First World War period, France.

A8274 (xvi) Artefacts:

‘First Field Dressing’, c.1915.

A8274 (xvii) Soap box containing:

Two pieces of embroidered French linen, c.1914 – 1918.
Various postcards, 1914 – 1916.
Copy of: Chips from Dickens Selected by Thomas Mason, Glasgow: David Bryce & Son, [c.1898].
Copy of: London in Your Pocket, London, 1914.

A8274 (xviii) Three embroidered postcards from the Great War period, 1918.

A8275 (ii) Wartime correspondence, papers and memorabilia including Stockton Methodist Sunday School Anniversary Hymn booklet, new clipping, vouchers, military leave passes, French Republican issue currency, postcards and notebook of William Dalton relating to Australian Imperial Forces (A.I.F.) and fellow servicemen.
1911 – 1919.

A8275 (vii) Postcards and photographs relating to World War I and William Dalton’s service in the Australian Imperial Forces, 1917 – 1919.

A8275 (viii) Two glass negatives of soldiers circa World War 1.

A8275 (ix) Box containing glass negatives:

Jim Dalton, 1917.
Military training at Liverpool, 1917.
“Burton Agnes” Salt Ash (3 images) 1916 – 1917.
William Dalton and Col Porteous, 1915.

A8275 (x) Box containing glass slides:

James Dalton’s Memorial, Williamtown, [c1920s]
Military personnel, Tornuto Italy [1920s]
Bill Horne and Harry Dalton, 1919
Ida Dalton, 1913
Harold Mathewson, 1915

A8275 (xi) Box containing glass negatives of Dalton family members and including Electric Coal Loading Crane at Basin Newcastle and Methodist Church Stockton. 1913 – 1919.

A8275 (xii) Box containing glass negatives of Dalton family members, gravesites of John and James Dalton and Blanch family. 1913 – 1917.

A8275 (xiii) Box containing glass negatives relating to John Graham and family, Blanch family, Liverpool military training for William Dalton, Liverpool Cemetery, and Hetton Pit. 1913 – 1919.

A8275 (xiv) Box containing glass negatives relating to Dalton family, Ernie Gilbert, Albert Forrest and Mathewson family. 1914 – 1919

A8275 (xv) Artefacts:

Two brooches, Red Cross badge and silver thimble belonging to Eliza Jane Dalton, 1912 – 1914.

A8275 (xviii) Handwritten index notes to William Dalton’s Box Brownie wartime images, [c.1916-1919] and early image of Newcastle Harbour [c.1880].


DAVIES, NOEL: [Received: July, 2001.] [Accessioned 2004.]

A8711 (ii) 2 CDRom with Oral Histories relating to Newcastle. “Zoom with a view, oz history via a Vespa”, interviews conducted by Noel Davies. Each disc 72minutes. Disk 2: Discovery of the AE-2 WWI Submarine and interview with Dr. Mark Spencer. Synopsis included, October, 2002. [Received October, 2002.]


NEWCASTLE & HUNTER DISTRICT HISTORICAL SOCIETY: (Conduit: M. Ebert). [Received: September, 2000]. [Accessioned: 11th November, 2003].

A8775 (vi) Defence, Newcastle, N.S.W., notes, clippings, photographs, certificates. 1914-1992

A8776 (i) War, Newcastle Region, N.S.W., notes, clippings. 1855-1967

A8792 (ii) Collection of souvenir programs ; Gilbert & Sullivan – opera – in Australia, 1879-1932 by Vinia de Loitte ; Newcastle Hospital letter, receipt ; Newcastle Police Committee War veterans appeal letter, receipt. 1915-1991



PHOTOGRAPHS: [Accessioned: July, 2004.]

A8803/P00004 Broadmeadow Showground. [Army uniform in crowd, early model car. 1918?]

A8804/P00238 Newcastle. Horses and Jockeys lined up for a parade through Hunter during the First World War. Pepiti Pa Hospital in the background? [1918?]

A8804/P00427 [Newcastle. War memorial with soldier standing on top of the monument with the statue. Small sepia photograph in envelope 1920’s?]

A8804/P00455 Merewether. War Memorial, Rowlands Park, junction of Morgan, Railway Streets and Glebe Road. Unveiled by Mrs.E.A.M. Merewether, 1917. Photo dated 17th May 1924.


CARRINGTON PUBLIC SCHOOL [records received 9th March, 2005. Conduit: Angie Parkes (ph. 4969 4938)]:

A8808(viii) H.D. McLelland: The Great War, Written for Young Australians Sydney: William Applegate Gullick, Government Printer, 1916 (2 copies)


PAPERS OF THE REV. STANLEY ROBSON WILLEY [Conduit: Rev. S.R. Willey, 33 Miller St, Urangan, Qld, 4655, tel. 07 4125 1165; received (boxes 1-2) 19th May, 2003, (boxes 4-6) January, 2004]

A9037 h. Blandford – writings from postcards, First World War

A9039 c. Letters of Henry C. Eeles, 1908 and 1917



B10402/N1589-1590 Old match-boxes: Marbel’s waterproof match box taken from a dead German soldier in Flanders in the first world war. A type of matchbox made in America, completely waterproof.


B10403/N1783 ‘The Call’ a 1918 work has a wartime theme. It represents Florence Nightingale and a volunteer nurse, is carved in white beech and measures 20”x13”



C900 (xii) P/Copy pages from Newcastle Regional Museum relating to the First World War and ANZAC forces from the Hunter (Undated); Document ‘Shadows of Wire: Hunter Stories of the Great War’ (Undated)


MAP #: M2150
SERIES: Posters
TITLE: [Enlistment poster World War 1]

MAP #: M2151
SERIES: Posters
TITLE: Kitchener’s Solemn Warning.
DATE: (World War 1?)


M4738 The Sydney Mail, Wednesday, 5th September 1917. Issue contains photographs of servicemen from the World War 1914-1918, killed or wounded. Fragile state.


M4742 Fragile Newspapers, Incomplete: The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser. Thursday, 4th February 1892.; Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners’ Advocate. 22nd April 1924. Wallsend Jubilee Celebrations 1874-1924 programme. Biographical items on James Fletcher, died 19th March 1891, and Wallsend Colliery manager John Young Neilson, d. 27th May 1889. ; The Maitland Mail , remnants, Saturday, 18th November 1882, 12th January 1883, 1892?. Published every Saturday morning, Elgin Street, Maitland. ; The Singleton Budget, Friday, 4th December 1925 and Monday, 4th April 1932. ; Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners’ Advocate, Saturday 16th June, 1934, Friday 6th July 1934, Friday 14th June 1935. Clipping of Vice-Regal Visit to Newcastle by Sir Alexander Hore-Ruthven, reverse side has report of a TocH initiation. ; The Maitland Mercury, Saturday, 9th August 1884. ; The Sunday Times, 21st November 1915. World War 1914-1918 reports. ; Second Sheet to The Maitland Mercury, Saturday 6th February 1892. ; The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser, Tuesday 8th September 1891. Top half of sheets – partial copy. ; Second sheet to The Maitland Mercury, Saturday 23rd July, 1892 . ; Third Sheet to The Maitland Mercury, Saturday 6th February 1892, and 23rd July, 1892.


M4752 D1998/90 Apprentice’s Indenture for Wilfred Wrightson, with the Newcastle & Suburban Co-op. Society Ltd., as a baker.1st September, 1932 ; D1998/39 Certificate of Competency as Master of a harbor or river steamer, Marine Board of New South Wales, granted to Robert Williams. 22nd December, 1881 ; D1998/93 Certificate awarded to No. 5637 Sapper William A. Twist, 2nd Tunnelling Company, A.I.F. Honourably discharged. 22nd November, 1919.


M4765 Collection of supplements and clippings from The Newcastle Herald. 1990- 1997. Sport Monday, Grand Final victory edition, Hail to the Chief. ; The Civic reborn, a jewel in the crown. Refurbishment. ; Earthquake, 5 years on. ; Quake controls latest, quake aftermath. ; Quake aftermath. ; Quake special reprint.
Newcastle Herald, 11th November, 1983, The Day the Great War Ended. ; Newcastle Herald, 8th February, 1993, The Forgotten War. ; Newcastle Herald, 5th June, 1992, The Night War came to Newcastle, 2pp. ; Newcastle Herald, 5th May, 1945, Victory in Europe. ; Newcastle Herald, 6th June, 1994, D-Day Revisited. ; Newcastle Morning Herald, 7th June, 1944, Allies Have Beachheads in France. ; Newcastle Morning Herald, 16th August, 1945, Japan Ordered to Cease Fire. ; Newcastle Morning Herald, 9th May, 1945, Cease Fire Along the European Front. ; Newcastle Morning Herald, 26th December, 1977, Diary of Isaac McAndrew. ; Newcastle Morning Herald, 27th December, 1977, 100 Years Ago (Isaac McAndrew). ; Newcastle Morning Herald, 28th December, 1977, Diary of Isaac McAndrew (Newcastle in 1877).
Tabloids and Supplements:
Sun Herald, 6th August, 1995, Victory in the Pacific – Supplement.; Newcastle Herald, 1939-1945 “Hunter” – The War Years. ; Daily Telegraph Supplement, War in Pictures, 1945. ; Newcastle Herald, 29th June, 1999, The Shelling of Newcastle. ; Newcastle Herald, 15th November, 1986, Surfest ’86. ; The Star, 9th August, 1995, Newcastle Remembers.


M4831 Various Large format Plans, Aerial photographs and historic views of Newcastle and harbour including University.

a. Aerial photograph of University and HIHE site 20 February 1974
b. Satellite photograph of Hunter Region, 1980-1983
c. Map of the Municipality of Newcastle, January 1926
d. Plan of Hospital for the Insane, Newcastle, 2 Dec 1880.
e. Newcastle. Supplement to the Sydney Illustrated News, April 1875.
f. City of Newcastle, New South Wales. From the Illustrated Sydney News [1887/9?]
g. Panorama of Newcastle, N.S.W. from Mrs Woods Residence (Baker Street) 1895.
h. Newcastle from the North Shore 1895.
i. Photograph of Discharge Certificate: “No. 5637 Sapper William A. Twist 2nd Tunnelling Company A.J.T. Served with honour and was disabled in the Great War. Honourably discharged on 22nd November 1919. [Signed] George R.J.”


( Compiled by Gregg Heathcote, University of Newcastle Archives, originally July 2004 – updated May 2014 )