50th Anniversary of University Education in Newcastle: 1951-2001
Timeline 1: From Newcastle University College to University of Newcastle
In a nutshell:
- The push for a university 1849 – 1951
- The quest for autonomy 1951 – 1965
- Towards Amalgamation 1989
- The consolidated University in the global economy 1989 – 2001
The university tradition dates from the middle of the twelfth century and has contained two elements, the humanistic tradition originally founded upon the liberal arts and later including the pure sciences (rational thought and analysis) and a vocational aspect based upon the faculties of theology, law and medicine. The Paris Exhibition of 1867 inspired the incorporation of technological studies into the IDEA of what a University should be for the fear was that many countries in Europe were overtaking Britain in technology.
|Bishop Tyrrell gave birth to the idea of a University in the Hunter Region. To invest his dream he transported aboard the “Medway” his extensive collection of books from England. The Collection now resides in the Archives Rare Books and Special Collections Unit of Auchmuty Library.This formed part of a collection of some 2,700 volumes from St. John’s College Morpeth, generously donated by the Anglican Diocese of Newcastle to the University, and includes editions of major theological and philosophical works printed in the 16th-18th centuries. At least half the Collection originally belonged to William Tyrrell, the first Anglican Bishop of Newcastle, who was appointed to the Diocese in 1847. The oldest book held in the Library is found in this collection, namely, Eusebius’ Ecclesiasticae Historiae printed in Paris in 1544.|
The Herald re-invigorated the call for a University College
[Herald articles 31st May 1907, 10th Sept 1909]
Newcastle District Public Schools Association under Inspector J. Finney passed a resolution calling for the establishment of University College originally to be called Edward College (after King Edward). [Herald 1st August 1910.]
Prominent citizens Connelly and Helmore urge for the establishment of a university.
Tighes Hill Technical College opened with help from BHP. The Herald urges the people of Newcastle to see it only as a first step towards a University.
21st June 1942
Boys High School Parents and Citizens Association under leadership of Headmaster Ross Mearns, Rabbi Morris and Paul Hayes resolved that a university college be established in Newcastle. A committee was formed to push for the establishment consisting of the who’s who of Newcastle.
1st October 1942
The University Committee resolved that the Senate of the University of Sydney establish a college at Newcastle beginning in the 1943 academic year. By the end of October 1942 Mearns starts advertising fees for this college.
11th November 1942
The Vice-Chancellor of the University of Sydney is forced to come to Newcastle in order to dampen the enthusiasm of the Novocastrians.
April – June 1943
The Uni Committee began a set of radio broadcasts on 2NC and 2KO to get wider support from the community.
3rd December 1951
Newcastle University College of the New South Wales University of Technology opens at the site of the Newcastle Technical College. [Click here to see Photographic display]
Newcastle University College offers Arts degrees for the first time, with degrees awarded by the University of New England
13th April 1961
Godfrey Tanner marches to TOWN HALL [Click here to read the story 430KB PDF file]
“On the night of 12 April 1961 they held a ‘freedom march’ from the Tighes Hill site to the City Hall (about five kilometres) to take part in a public meeting organised by the Lord Mayor’s Committee. Estimates of the numbers involved vary from fifty to 200. Led by the mercurial Godfrey Tanner, later Professor of Classics, they marched the distance shouting, cheering, waving flaming torches and banners carrying slogans like ‘Burn Baxter’s Empire’, ‘Big Baxter is Watching You’, ‘Baxter’s Bargain Basement’, ‘Let Newcastle Fiddle while Baxter Burns’. Outside the City Hall, they set alight their banners and tossed them into a blazing heap before moving inside to join 250 of Newcastle’s more sober citizens in a public meeting to demand immediate autonomy.” [Don Wright]
Lord Mayor’s Committee (under Frank Purdue) visit site of bushland Shortland for future University.
“One of my most cherished memories is being in the McMullin Building in the 1960s and hearing Brin Newton-John’s piano playing wafting through the place”
21st April 1961
Professor J. J. Auchmuty, Mr McClarty and Professor Brin Newton-John (i.e Olivia’s father) at the piano.
12th March 1962
Baxter tells Auchmuty that Newcastle will have Autonomy. A Council is created by the University of New South Wales to prepare for autonomy.
July – August 1962
OPUS visits site on a number of occasions and discovers Aboriginal people living on site.
Legislation passed creating 2nd provincial University of the state of New South Wales.
Autonomy granted to the University of Newcastle
Amalgamation of University with HIHE and Conservatorium of Music.
1989 – 2001
Period of success, consolidation, upheaval and review as University meets the challenges of the world market.
- Timeline One: Newcastle University College – The University of Newcastle
- Timeline Two: Newcastle Teachers College – Newcastle College of Advanced Education – Hunter Institute of Higher Education
- Timeline Three: Newcastle Branch of State Conservatorium of New South Wales – Newcastle Conservatorium of Music
- Back to 50th Anniversary of University Education in Newcastle 1951 – 2001